Institutional Repository of Key Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
|Alternative Title||The Preliminary Study on the Strategies of Emotion Regulation in the Thought of “Loyalty and Forgiveness” in Confucianism|
Abstract：Emotional regulation refers to the process by which an individual exerts influences on the occurrence, experience and expression of emotions. Gross believes that emotional regulation arises from the process of emotional development, based on which a model of emotional regulation process and the strategies of it are proposed. There are five key points in the model of emotional regulation process: situational choices, situational corrections, attention allocation, cognitive changes and response adjustment. Among them, situational choices, situational corrections, attention allocation, and cognitive changes occur before the emotional reaction trend is formed. It belongs to the antecedent-focused emotion regulation. The reaction adjustment occurs after the formation of the situational response, which is a response-focused emotion regulation. Based on this model, Gross proposes two general emotion regulation strategies: the cognitive re-evaluation and the expression inhibition, and these two strategies have different effects on individual emotions, cognition and social behaviors. Confucianism once dominated Chinese traditional culture, and the thought of "loyalty and forgiveness" was an important part of Confucius and even the entire Confucian school. It runs through the Confucian system of benevolence. In view of the inheritance of Confucius Culture and the inevitable influences on mental health, the emotional adjustment strategies embodied in the thought of "loyalty and forgiveness" in Confucianism should be concerned and passed down. This article initially analyzes the sentences in the book The Analects of Confucius which expresses the idea of "loyalty and forgiveness", such as " a humane person is one who helps others establish what he himself wishes to establish and to achieve what he himself wishes to achieve.," and " do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself." The strategy of emotional regulation is reflected in these sentences. And it is found that compared with the expression suppression strategy, the emotional adjustment strategy in the “loyalty and forgiveness” thought of Confucianism emphasizes more on the cognitive re-evaluation strategy. Based on this discovery, it will continue to explore the content related to emotion regulation in Confucian classics, and further try empirical study in the future to improve the mental health of Chinese people while inheriting the excellent traditional ideology and culture of Confucianism.
|Keyword||儒家 忠恕 情绪调节策略 认知重评 表达抑制|
|First Author Affilication||Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences|
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