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大学生经验性回避、认知融合及正念与焦虑抑郁关系
Alternative TitleAssociations of experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion and mindfulness with anxiety and depression among college students
许熙虎1,2,3; 崔云龙1,2,3; 曹静1,2,3; 祝卓宏1,2,3
First Author许熙虎
2018
Source Publication中国公共卫生
Correspondent Emailzhuzh@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1001-0580
SubtypeArticle
Volume34Issue:5Pages:741-744
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的 了解大学生经验性回避、认知融合及正念与焦虑抑郁的关系以及正念在经验性回避与焦虑抑郁间的中介作用。方法 于2014 年12 月采用整群抽样方法从北京和河南2 所高校抽取大学新生366 名,使用接纳与行动问卷第二版(AAQ-Ⅱ)、认知融合量表(CFQ)、正念注意觉知量表(MAAS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表( SDS)进行问卷调查。结果 大学新生经验性回避为( 19.48 ± 7.62)分,认知融合为( 28.97 ± 10.84)分,正念为(66.32 ± 10.98)分,焦虑为(31.27 ± 6.95)分,抑郁为(34.82 ± 7.70)分;经验性回避对焦虑、抑郁具有正向预测作用(β =0.429、0.459,均P < 0.001);正念在经验性回避与焦虑抑郁间具有部分中介作用(β = – 0.198,– 0.173;P < 0.01),中介效应分别占总效应的22.06 % 和18.80 %。结论 经验性回避对焦虑、抑郁具有正向预测作用,正念在经验性回避与焦虑抑郁间具有部分中介作用。

Other Abstract

Objective To explore associations of experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, and mindfulness with anxiety and depression in college freshmen, and to analyze mediating effects of mindfulness on the relationship between experiential avoidance and anxiety and depression. Methods Totally 366 college freshmen, selected by using cluster sampling from two universities in Beijing and Henan provinces, were surveyed with cceptance and Action Questionnaire-Second Edition (AAQ-Ⅱ), Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ), Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) in December 2014. Results For all the participants, the average scores were 19.48 ± 7.62 for AAQ-Ⅱ, 28.97 ± 10.84 for CFQ, 66.32 ± 10.98 for MAAS, 31.27 ± 6.95 for SAS, and 34.82 ± 7.70 for SDS, respectively.Experiential avoidance showed a positively predictive function to anxiety and depression (β = 0.429, 0.459; P < 0.001). In addition , mindfulness partially mediated the relationship between experiential avoidance and anxiety,depression (β = – 0.198, – 0.173; P < 0.001, 0.01), with the values of mediating effect of 22.06% and 18.80%. Conclusion Experiential avoidance has a positively predictive effect on both anxiety and depression; mindfulness has a partial mediating effect on the relationship between experiential avoidance and anxiety, depression.

Keyword经验性回避 认知融合 正念 焦虑 抑郁 中介作用
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Project Intro.

北京科技计划项目(D151100002315003)。

CSCD IDCSCD:6244645
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29152
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author许熙虎
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学
3.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Key Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Key Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
许熙虎,崔云龙,曹静,等. 大学生经验性回避、认知融合及正念与焦虑抑郁关系[J]. 中国公共卫生,2018,34(5):741-744.
APA 许熙虎,崔云龙,曹静,&祝卓宏.(2018).大学生经验性回避、认知融合及正念与焦虑抑郁关系.中国公共卫生,34(5),741-744.
MLA 许熙虎,et al."大学生经验性回避、认知融合及正念与焦虑抑郁关系".中国公共卫生 34.5(2018):741-744.
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