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Alternative TitleAn Experiment on the Spatial Transitive Reasoning Ability of Primary School Children
Thesis Advisor方格
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword小学儿童 空间方位传递性推理 心理模型理论 策略













Other Abstract

The main purpose was to investigate the development of elementary schoolers aged 7-, 9-,I I-year-olds in spatial transitive inference and tried to explore the correlative restricting factors from the points of experimental material, number of premises, number of models, number of spatial dimensions. At the same time, the mental model theory was examined, and the strategies children used during reasoning were analyzed preliminarily.
The main results are as follows:
1 .Children's ability of the spatial transitive reasoning increased significantly.
The transitive reasoning ability was developed from one spatial dimension to two spatial dimensions. The 7-year-olds developed the reasoning ability under one dimension, but they hadn't the ability under two spatial dimensions; the 9-year-olds had preliminarily possessed the ability under one dimension, with this kind of ability bourgeoned under two dimensions; the 11-year-olds had possessed the ability under one dimension, and had developed the ability under two dimensions a little, but at a relatively low level in total.
2. "fhe stability of children's reasoning increased significantly with age. 7-year-olds and 9-year-olds had quite instable reasoning ability, whereas the ability of 11-year-olds was basically stable.
3. The number of Children using the model constructing strategy to resolve problems became more and more with age: Only a small amount of 7-year-olds were able to.make use of the model constructing strategy; whereas most 9-year-olds arrdvearly all 11-year-olds were able to use it. asl seduse Even if children had used the model constructing strategy, the difference among diffculty caused by the number of models isn't reflected by their reasoning performance.
4. Children used different strategies when different materials were presented. Children perception strategy mostly under figure materials, especially 7-year-olds. They tended to model construct strategy more under word materials than under figure materials.
5. The number of spatial dimensions and experimental materials had effects on children's transitive inference. Children's performance under one dimension of space was better than that under two dimensions.
Children's performance of figure materials was better than that of word materials.
The influence of the number of premises on children's spatial transitive reasoning emerged only under the condition of one dimension of space, double model word material, which showed that the increase of the number of premises led to the decrease of reasoning performance.

Subject Area认知发展心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
毕鸿燕. 小学儿童空间方位传递性推理能力的实验研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2001.
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