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中文远距离联想任务中思考式顿悟与诱发式顿悟的ERP效应
Alternative TitleA study on thinking insight and evoked insight of Chinese remote associate test: An ERP approach
刘亚飞1,2; 陈楚侨2,3,4; 季淑梅1
2018-10
Conference Name第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
Source Publication摘要集-第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
Pages1094-1095
Conference Date10.30-11.2
Conference Place北京
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

摘要:顿悟通常是指在解决问题过程中,大脑由思考到突然想到解决办法的过渡现象。本文利用事件相关电位(event-related potential ,ERP)技术,探讨了中文远距离联想任务下,出现思考式顿悟与诱发式顿悟的问题解决过程中的ERP成分以及脑加工机制的异同。

实验随机呈现200道中文远距离联想题目,要求12名健康大学生针对不同难度的题目,在屏幕出现问题材料和答案材料时做出反应,以完成思考式顿悟与诱发式顿悟任务,并同时利用Neuroscan 64导系统同步记录脑电。结果显示:(1)两种问题解决过程在认知时间特性上存在差异,在出现思考式顿悟问题解决过程中,700-1000 ms时程范围内,顿悟与非顿悟ERP无明显差异,均表现为大脑左前部脑区被最大程度激活。1600-2000 ms时程范围内,顿悟效应诱发了更加负向的偏移,呈现右部脑区被激活,存在右半球的优势效应。在出现诱发式顿悟问题解决过程中,非顿悟效应在后部脑区和左前部脑区诱发了更正性的P2成分。而顿悟效应在360-410 ms时程的右半球诱发更加负性的特征波N380,存在右半球优势效应。(2)两种不同问题解决方式的大脑机制又出现相似点,即先后激活的脑区均为后部脑区,左前部脑区和右侧半球,顿悟效应主要与右侧半球活动有关。

顿悟过程与解决问题和创造性思维密不可分,本文研究结果提示,两种出现顿悟效应的问题解决过程,均是对思维僵局产生而后被打破的认知加工。

Other Abstract

Abstract:Insight is a gusty feeling and transition in problem solving, which is considered a typical experience in the process from unsolved problems to be solved. In this study, we examined the relationships between thinking insight and evoked insight in healthy volunteers by using event-related potentials (ERPs) technique.

Twelve healthy college students were recruited to undertake thinking insight task and evoked insight task in Chinese remote associate test (CRAT) with different targets. Results show that (1) thinking insight and evoked insight have different temporal dynamics, the effect of thinking insight is occurred in the time window of 1600 ms to 2000 ms, while the effect of evoked insight is occurred in the time window of 360 ms to 410 ms with the sign of N380. (2) However, the spatiotemporal patterns of ERPs evoked by both thinking insight and evoked insight are similar, which is a further understood that the processing of problem solving involves extensive brain regions dynamically, separately from posterior region to left frontal region and then the right hemisphere. The arousal of right hemisphere is considered to be the signal of insight neural mechanism.

Insight is closely related to creativity and problem solving, our results indicate that both thinking insight and evoked insight may have a similar neural mechanism in problem solving, which suggest the breaking moment of thinking impasse.

Keyword事件相关电位 思考式顿悟 诱发式顿悟 中文远距离联想 问题解决
Language中文
Document Type会议论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27338
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.燕山大学电气工程学院生物医学工程研究所
2.上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心转化心理学与认知神经科学研究室
3.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室,神经心理学与认知神经科学研究室
4.中国科学院大学心理系
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘亚飞,陈楚侨,季淑梅. 中文远距离联想任务中思考式顿悟与诱发式顿悟的ERP效应[C],2018:1094-1095.
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