语音意识与儿童阅读能力获得和发展的关系
其他题名Relationship Between Children s Phonological Awareness and Reading Acquisition
卫垌圻; 毕鸿燕; 翁旭初
2008
发表期刊中国临床心理学杂志
通讯作者邮箱bihy@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1005-3611
卷号16期号:4页码:360-363
产权排序1
摘要

语音意识是对各种语音单元进行识别、鉴别和操作的能力。大量的纵向研究和训练研究发现语音意识与阅读能力获得和发展之间存在双向的因果关系。双语儿童的研究表现出语音意识的跨语言迁移作用,即使在不同正字法结构的语言间,一种语言的语音意识也可以预测另一种语言的词汇阅读水平。但在音素意识和头尾韵意识对预测阅读的相对重要性问题上还存在激烈的争论。阅读发展作为一个多因果系统要求从多领域多变量来加以综合考虑。

其他摘要

Phonological awareness refers to the ability to recognize, identify, and manipulate any phonological unit within a word, be it phoneme, rime, or syllable. A great deal of longitudinal and training researches found that there was a reciprocal causal relationship between phonological awareness and reading achievement. Researches of bilingual children revealed cross-language transfer of phonological awareness. Phonological awareness of one language could predict the reading level of other language. But there was fierce controversy about which was the most important phonological awareness, onset-rhyme awareness or phoneme awareness. Learning to read is related to broader language skills and it needs to be seen in the context of a multicausal system.Phonological awareness refers to the ability to recognize, identify, and manipulate any phonological unit within a word, be it phoneme, rime, or syllable. A great deal of longitudinal and training researches found that there was a reciprocal causal relationship between phonological awareness and reading achievement. Researches of bilingual children revealed cross-language transfer of phonological awareness. Phonological awareness of one language could predict the reading level of other language. But there was fierce controversy about which was the most important phonological awareness, onset-rhyme awareness or phoneme awareness. Learning to read is related to broader language skills and it needs to be seen in the context of a multicausal system.

关键词阅读获得 语音意识 元语言意识 阅读障碍
学科领域心理语言学 ; 发展心理学
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
资助项目国家自然科学基金资助(30770726,30425008)
CSCD记录号CSCD:3381558
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/3968
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者毕鸿燕
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
卫垌圻,毕鸿燕,翁旭初. 语音意识与儿童阅读能力获得和发展的关系[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2008,16(4):360-363.
APA 卫垌圻,毕鸿燕,&翁旭初.(2008).语音意识与儿童阅读能力获得和发展的关系.中国临床心理学杂志,16(4),360-363.
MLA 卫垌圻,et al."语音意识与儿童阅读能力获得和发展的关系".中国临床心理学杂志 16.4(2008):360-363.
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