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汉语发展性阅读障碍儿童的快速命名与正字法加工技能
Alternative TitleRapid naming and orthographic processing skill in children with Chinese developmental dyslexia
赵婧1; 毕鸿燕1; 杨炀1
2012
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emailbihy@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1000-6729
Subtype期刊论文
Volume26Issue:1Pages:36-40
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:探查汉语发展性阅读障碍儿童快速命名和正字法加工的特点。方法:运用小学生识字量评价量表和标准瑞文智力测试,从171名小学二至四年级学生中选出20名发展性阅读障碍(DD)儿童、22名同年龄对照组(CA)儿童、18名同阅读水平对照组(RL)儿童。三组儿童进行数字、图片快速命名,和正字法加工技能测试,即真字、假字、非字判断任务,记录反应时和错误率。结果:DD组在数字、图片快速命名上的反应时均长于CA组(均P0.05),而数字命名反应时短于RL组(P<0.05)。DD组和RL组均表现出拒绝假字的时间长于拒绝非字(均P0.05)。结论:本研究提示汉语阅读障碍儿童存在数字快速命名缺陷,其图片快速命名速度落后,与其阅读水平表现一致。本样本中的发展性阅读障碍儿童表现出明显的正字法效应,即能很好地判断假字和非字。; Objective: To examine the characteristics of rapid naming and orthographic processing in children with Chinese developmental dyslexia.Methods: Twenty children with Chinese developmental dyslexic (DD group), 22 children with the same chronological age (CA group), and 18 children with the same reading level (RL group) were selected with the Character Recognition Measure and Assessment Scale for Primary School Children and the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM). All subjects completed the digital/picture rapid naming tests and orthographic processing skill test (i. e. a lexical decision task with characters, pseudo-characters and noncharacters), and their reaction time and error rates were recorded. Results: The DD group had longer reaction time in picture naming [(23.8 ±4.0) s vs. (20. 0 ±3.4) s, P 〈0. 01] and digital naming tests [( 11.7 ± 1.9) s vs. (9.4 ±1.7) s, P 〈0.01] than the CA group. The DD group had similar reaction time in picture naming test [(23. 8 ± 4. 0) s vs. (24. 6 ±4. 5) s, P 〉 0. 05 ] and shorter reaction time in digital naming test [ ( 11.7 ± 1.9) s vs. ( 13.5 ± 3.4) s, P 〈0. 05] than the RL group. In the orthographic skill test, rejective latencies of pseudo-characters were longer than that of non-characters for both DD and RL groups [DD: (884. 6 ± 133.6) ms vs. (820. 6 ±94. 1) ms, P 〈0.05; RL: ( 1034. 2 ± 226. 1) ms vs. (974. 9 ± 215.1) ms, P 〈 0. 05 ], while this effect was not find in CA group [(830.9 ± 166. 8) ms vs. (852. 2 ±171.4) ms, P 〉0. 05]. Conclusion: It suggests that the children with Chinese developmental dyslexia may have a deficit in digital rapid naming, and their lower rapid naming speed in pictures is consistent with their reading level. The present dyslexic children show a remarkable orthographic effect, that is, they could complete the lexical decision with pseudo-characters and non-characters.
Keyword汉语发展性阅读障碍 快速命名 正字法加工技能 横断面研究
Subject Area心理语言学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization行为科学所重点实验室,中国科学院心理研究所
CSCD IDCSCD:4477960
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14607
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author毕鸿燕
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学所重点实验室
2.中国科学院研究生院
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵婧,毕鸿燕,杨炀. 汉语发展性阅读障碍儿童的快速命名与正字法加工技能[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2012,26(1):36-40.
APA 赵婧,毕鸿燕,&杨炀.(2012).汉语发展性阅读障碍儿童的快速命名与正字法加工技能.中国心理卫生杂志,26(1),36-40.
MLA 赵婧,et al."汉语发展性阅读障碍儿童的快速命名与正字法加工技能".中国心理卫生杂志 26.1(2012):36-40.
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